Budget 2022 in India and the Schemes for Women Empowerment
On the 1st of February, our minister of finance, Nirmala Sitharaman, presented the Budget 2022 to Parliament, emphasizing the government’s commitment to empowering women and children via initiatives that would help their educational, societal, and economic development. Women are recognized as a significant force for economic progress in Budget 2022-23. Gender equality and women’s empowerment are essential to India’s development goal. The country is rapidly transitioning from a women’s development paradigm to a women-led one, focused on inclusionary development and significant reforms to achieve revolutionary change.
The Gender Budget has two parts: Part A, which funds 100 percent women-centric initiatives, and Part B, which supports schemes with at least 30% women participation. Some of the significant allocations made under Part A of the Gender Budget went to previously announced plans, including:
- Poshan 2.0
- Nirbhaya Fund
- Saksham Anganwadi
- SAMBAL (part of Mission Shakti initiative enclosing Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Creche, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana).
Some of the significant allocations made under Part B include:
- Samagra Shiksha
- RCH Flexi Pool
- Health System Strengthening Schemes under NHM
- Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban)
- Mahatma Gandhi NREGA
Women Empowering Umbrella Schemes
Acknowledging the significance of Nari shakti as per the honorable finance minister, Mission Shakti, Mission Vatsalya, and Saksham Anganwadi & Poshan 2.0 are three schemes aimed at revamping existing women and child-related programs that are now operating in silos. The new task modal approach will undoubtedly enhance the schemes’ existing implementation issues and low visibility. Improved service quality, capacity building of officials on the ground, and minimizing duplication in efforts will all be priorities.
Mission Shakti is a program that aims to empower, protect, and improve women’s lives all around the country. Hence, the center would collaborate with the states to ensure the achievement of this objective, which would ultimately benefit the country.
Now Mission Shakti will cover the SAMBAL program, which includes the following schemes:
- Mahila Police Volunteer
- Women’s Helpline
- One-Stop Center
- Ujjawala and other
SAMARTHYA program of Mission Shakti includes the following schemes:
- Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Women’s economic empowerment is aided by Mission Shakti’s promotion of women’s self-help organizations, which give opportunities for women to work independently.
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Mission Vatsalya or Vatsalya Maatri Amrit Kosh encourages breastfeeding in the hopes of lowering infant mortality. This mission offers numerous incentives and cares to such women, emphasizing females from remote regions and other underserved backgrounds. In Delhi, a national human milk bank as well as lactation counseling center were developed as part of this objective. The budget given to Mission VATSALYA was Rs 1,472 crore, up from Rs 900 crore in 2021-22.
Mission Vatsalya’s particular focus on child protection covers the following center schemes:
- Child Protection Services
- Child Welfare Services
Saksham Anganwadi and POSHAN 2.0
The Ministry of Women & Child Development would support nearly two lakh anganwadis to advance to Saksham Anganwadis. Saksham anganwadis, as defined by the Finance Minister in her address, is next-generation anganwadis with information and communication systems and audiovisual aids.
Also, clean energy would be used to power the updated Anganwadis, which would provide better settings for children’s development.
Women’s empowerment is now a thing of the past, and woman-enabled empowerment will be the next big thing in India’s development.
Following are the major schemes under this initiative:
- NationalCreche Scheme
- Anganwadi Services
- Integrated Child Development Scheme(ICDS)
- Scheme for Adolescent Girls
Technology-enabled projects like “new age saksham anganwadis” can help improve operational systems. Also, Developing care institutes such as shakti sedans, women hostels, and creches to uplift, secure, and empower women expanded the Institutional capacity. In addition, new guidelines and enforced legislation to promote equality will be implemented.
Finally, the National Budget is meant to help women recover and flourish by providing them with economic possibilities. Also, India’s Gender Budget evolves year after year in response to lessons learned and recommendations as a budgetary instrument for bridging the gender difference.
More backing for women-led enterprises is needed, and improved academic facilities to get the skills they need to establish their firms or pursue career pathways outside of traditionally female-dominated professions such as healthcare or education.